The Case of Cancer Now Much More Happens in Developing Countries
Until now, many people who think that cancer is a disease that is rarely encountered and more experienced developed countries. But it turns out it’s a big mistake. In developed countries, cases of cancer do increase, but the incidence rate and percentage increase is not as high in developing countries. According to research conducted by WHO in 2003, found that heart disease is the highest cause of death in the world and cancer is at number 2 .The mortality rate due to cancer is even greater than the number of deaths due to tuberculosis (TB), malaria and HIV are combined into one. In developing countries in particular, the number of cancer from year to year increases and exceeds the percentage in developed countries. The reason, many people in developing countries can not escape from a carcinogenic environment because of weak regulation and people who are not familiar with the risk factors of cancer triggers. “” One example is salted fish food. In processing, this salted fish produces a carcinogenic substance. Same as burning meat to charred that also trigger cancer, “” said DR Dr Aru Sudoyo, SppD, K-HOM, FINASIM, FACP, oncology specialist in the event Discussion Health Forum: New Hope for Cancer patients held Roche at the Four Seasons Hotel Jakarta, Friday (22/06/2012). According to WHO data in 2005, as many as 7.5% of deaths in the world caused by cancer, 5.5% of which occur in developing countries and 2.5% in developed countries. By 2015, the figure is expected to rise to 9.1%. 6.7% of them occur in developing countries and 2.3% in developed countries. By 2030, estimated in developing countries the figure will rise to 8.9% and developed countries 2.5%. That is, the increase in cancer cases in developing countries is much faster and higher than in developed countries.Dr Aru gave one example, that is the case of colon cancer. As many as 41.2% of cases of colon cancer occur in Asia Pacific, 38% in Europe and 14.3% occur in North America. In fact, this cancer cases initially found in many developed countries. Not only that, cases of middle-aged adults in Indonesia who began to contract cancer also began a lot. Most people start exposure to cancer-causing substances at the age of 20 years and cancer begins to develop at the age above 40 years. But in Indonesia, cases of cancer have been experienced by many people under the age of 40. “” In developed countries, the incidence of colorectal cancer is 3% in people aged under 40 years. In Indonesia, the figure can reach 30%, “” said Dr. Aru.Dr Aru added, cancer in stage I still have a high cure rate, which is about 80-90%. Therefore, early diagnosis is very important to prevent the development of cancer cells become more severe. When it enters stage IV, the cure rate is only 5%. Some types of cancer are also many that are difficult to detect until when cause symptoms at an advanced stage. For example, new lung cancer feels disturbing breathing when entering stage III. Dr Aru stressed that people are beginning to change their lifestyle to avoid cancer. “” Research shows that eating lots of fruits and vegetables will reduce cancer risk by 25%. But many people do not know or do not apply it, “” said dr Aru.
(pah / ir)